Studies and Reports relating to Auroville Town Planning:
Conceptual Plan (1968)
Auroville Master plan (2001)
5 - Year Development Plan : directions for growth (2003)
City Centre Study
  Studies and Reports relating to Water Management:
Pre-Feasibility Study on Water Supply, Storm water and Wastewater Management
Water Management Study, 2001
Pre-Feasibility Study Report on waste water treatment For the setting up of small-medium scale Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) At Industrial Zone, For Udyogam and Neighboring Commercial Units
  Studies and Reports relating to Energy :
Auroville Municipal Energy Plan
  Studies and Reports relating to Landscaping:
Integrated Urban- Rural Landscaping Applied Research (Study on Green Areas Auroville)
Thesis on eco-industrial Park in Auroville
Study Green Corridor
  Studies and Reports relating to Transport & Roads:
Mobility Report 2001
Costs of Different Types of Roads
  Studies and Reports relating to Waste management:
Report on treatment & disposal of sludge
Studies and Reports relating to Enviromental Monitoring:
Chemical analysis of drinking water (download 113k)
Report on Aflatoxins test of food (download 78k)
Report on heavy metals and pesticide in food (download 123k)
Report microbiological tests of water (download 82k)
Report on Soil analysis (download 90k)
Conceptual plan:
First Master Plan 1968
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I - The Data of the Problem

Auroville is a unique town. It will receive people who, from different parts of the world, will come with the determination to live together in an atmosphere of harmony and mutual understanding. Traditional social and human relations will have no place there. Competition and struggle will give place to emulation, collaboration and brotherhood.

These shows how inadequate are the standard techniques and the vocabulary of Town planning. But this inadequacy should not exempt us from carrying out a research on the leading principles of organisation and working of the urban space. The philosophical and humanitarian purposes, as well as the will to fit the architecture to the framework of life are confronted with demographic, economic, technical and financial exigencies of all such endeavours.
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City Centre Project
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Auroville City Center Project

The City Centre is an area from Matrimandir to the Crown road cover inga surface of 384 acres (of which 55 acres are yet to be purchased) and includes:

  • Matrimandir and gardens
  • The Lake
  • The Parks
  • The Administration Area -
  • Part of each of the four zones -
  • The Crown
  This area is envisaged to have 10% of the total population of Auroville, i.e. 5000 inhabitants with a part of every zone representing the 4 essential activities of man in society: culture and education, work and administration, unity and diversity and living habitation.

The actual physical manifestation of this 'city centre' will be a model example to experiment at a small scale, the future developments for the whole of Auroville. Being still quite a virgin area, the possibility to develop it from scratch with clear parameters and a new approach makes it very realistic. The small scale of the project can serve as a test for innovative infrastructural systems and buildings and to manage the finances in a collective way for its development.
The possibility of making it free from polluting traffic is also very realistic as every part of the centre is within walk-able or cycle-able distance, thus creating a peaceful atmosphere at the very hub of the city.

The City Centre

The aims of the City Centre proposal are:

  • To manifest urban tissue, density and architectural quality.
  • To learn urban management in accordance to the Auroville Charter.
  • To target a financially sustainable development.
  • To propose a coherent and understandable project.
  • To lay common and permanent infrastructure.
  • To provide immediately large areas for parks and gardens.
  • To implement the first phase of a traffic-pollution free area within the town.
  • To simplify access to services and public facilities.
  • To provide access to international, residential, cultural and industrial activities at walking distances.

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Pre-Feasibility Study on
Water Supply, Stormwater and Wastewater Management

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1.1 Background
On 30-31 October 2000 in Bonn, Germany, the International Symposium on "ECOSAN - closing the loop in wastewater management and sanitation" was held in co-operation with the BMU, BMBF, BMZ and GTZ in the opening ceremony
Dr. Uschi Eid Parliamentary State Secretary
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
"Finding solutions to the world water crisis is probably the most challenging task the international community is facing today. A change in perception as well as concrete action is required to achieve sustainable and integrated water management.
Across the world there are 1.3 billion people who have no access to clean water. Twice as many have not adequate sanitation facility.
Children and women in particular lack access to sufficient water, as do small farmers. Ecosystems are damaged or destroyed by overexploitation of water and by pollution.

  Unfortunately, the facts available at present indicate that the situation is likely to become more, rather than less, acute in the future. Population growth implies an increased demand for water. The increasing population of water by private households, industry and agriculture further depletes supplies of clean water. One key problem is the wastage of water due to inefficient use, be it in agriculture or urban water supply. Often, it is because water is free or heavily subsidised that it is wasted in this way. Ultimately, increasing water shortages lead to rising prices and battles over distribution that can even, in some cases, escalate into violent conflicts. These conflicts may arise between individual consumers, groups of consumers, regions or countries.
In the future, water must be used more sparingly and more efficiently. To achieve this, not only do we need a new awareness among users, planners and the authorities but the necessary political decisions will also have to be taken. Managing demand is frequently not only a more sustainable way of dealing with the problem but also cheaper than tapping new sources.
Water has now also become a major issue for international debate. In its Global Environment Outlook (GEO 2000), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) quite correctly points out that, second only to the danger of climate change, the freshwater crises is the greatest ecological threat of our times.
This urgent need to take action in the area of freshwater has just recently been emphasised in the United Nations Millennium Declaration adopted by the Millennium Assembly on 8 September 2000. The Millennium Assembly declares that by 2015 the proportion of people who are unable to reach or to afford safe drinking water will be halved and that the unsustainable exploitation of water resources will be stopped by developing water management strategies at regional, national and local levels that promote both equitable process and adequate supplies."
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Auroville Municipal Energy Plan
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1. Introduction
Present Township
Scope of the Study

2. Municipal Energy Map
Present Situation of Energy Consumption
  Sanctioned and Connected Loads
  Metering & Tariff
  Renewable Energy Use

  Load and Feeder Analysis of TNEB System
  Renewable Energy Source Locations

Areas of Improvement
  TNEB Supply
  Renewable Energy Sources
  Future of Renewable Energy in Auroville

3. Efficient use of energy
Energy Efficiency of Appliances
Energy Efficiency in Buildings
Energy and Water
Energy and Transportation

4. Long Term Policies
Auroville Perspective Masterplan

Auroville Energy Plan
  Estimation of Electrical Load
  Ambient Condition
  Load Density and Supply of Energy
  Distribution Scheme
  Primary Substation
  Load Center Substation
  Consumer Connection
  Cables and Wires
  Outdoor Cable Installation
  Street Lighting
  Electrical Energy Distribution Cost
  Codes and Standards
5. Summary  

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Integrated Urban and Rural Landscaping in Auroville

By Helge Jung , 2001
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I. Introduction
II. Importance of open spaces in town

  • Functional Importance
  • Aesthetical Importance
  • Ecological Importance

III. Definition of tasks: Conditions, Problems, goals
IV. Assessment of resources

  • Urban Land use and its Impact on natural resources
  • Resources in detail:

V. Habitat profiles for plants used in town landscaping

  • Avenue Planting
  • Plantings between largely covered surfaces
  • Plantings for shady areas
  • Larger cluster planting
  • Solitary planting
  • Decorative herbaceous plants
  • Plants for wet areas
  • Lawns
  • Roof-planting
  • Green walls

VI. The areas of work City area

  • Matrimandir Gardens
  • Four Major Parks
  • Green Corridors and Green tunnels
  • Open space-planning between the settlements
  • Roof and Courtyard-gardening
  • Avenue-planting
  • Parking and Service Nodes

Green Belt

  • Integration of city into Green Belt
  • Protection of countryside scenery in the Green Belt
  • Recreation area of Green Belt
  • Afforestation area of Green Belt
  • Agricultural area of Green Belt

VII. Program of actions and implementing

  • Actions to be taken
  • Maintenance care further development

VIII. Annexes

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Thesis on Eco-Industrial Park
Overall info on the thesis (download)
Index (download)
Climatic Data (download)
Flowchart: Selection of industries (download)
Graphs (download)
Section I: Introduction and understanding of the project (download)
SectionII: Eco Construction Techniques (download)
Section III: Case studies and designing parameters (download)
Case study 1: Paper industries-Auroville (download)
Case study 2: Wood industries-Auroville (download)
Case study 3: Cloth industries (handloom)- Auroville (download)

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by Helge Jung
Green Corridor Town Hall to Outer Ring Road
Checklist for situation assessment and planning conditions
Section I: Outer Ring Road to Creativity entrance
  > Identification of site, Extensions / limits of the site
  > Contour levels
  > Vegetation
  > Settlements / Accesses / Traffic
  > Scenery
Section II: Creativity entrance to Sailam entrance
  > Identification of site, Extensions / limits of the site
  > Existing land use
  > Contour levels
  > Vegetation
  > Settlements
  > Traffic & accesses
  > Scenery
Section III: Sailam entrance to Crown Road
  > Identification of site, Extensions / limits of the site
  > Existing land use
  > Contour levels
  > Vegetation
  > Settlements
  > Traffic & accesses
  > Scenery
Section IV: Crown road to Mahalakshmi Park
  > Identification of site, Extensions / limits of the site
  > Existing land use
  > Contour levels
  > Vegetation
  > Traffic & accesses
  > Scenery
Section V: Mahalakshmi Park to Green area surrounding lake
  > Identification of site, Extensions / limits of the site
  > Existing land use / Vegetation:
  > Contour levels
  > Traffic & accesses
  > Scenery
Section VI: Lake border Green area north of Deepanam-school
  > Identification of site, Extensions / limits of the site
  > Existing land use
  > Contour levels
  > Vegetation
  > Settlements / accesses:
  > Scenery
Section VII: Matrimandir fence to Branching of Mahakali Park
  > Identification of site, Extensions / limits of the site
  > Existing land use
  > Contour levels
  > Vegetation
  > Traffic & accesses
  > Scenery
Section VIII: Green area between administration area and habitat
  > Extensions / limits
  > Existing land use
  > Contour levels
  > Vegetation
  > Traffic / Accesses
  > Scenery
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Mobility Report
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1. Introduction
   1.1 Situation
   1.2 New Developments
2. Proposal
   2.1. Preface
   2.2. Traffic pattern in accordance with master plan
   2.3. Preference for non-polluting movements
   2.4. Streets and pathways
   2.5. Auroville's non-polluting shuttle bus
   2.6. Service nodes
   2.7. Careful steps to realize the motor-free city
3. Annexe
   3.1. Zermatt
   3.2. Venice
   3.3. Pondicherry and Auroville
The Author

If Auroville wants to be true to its ecological aims it has to look carefully at the development of motorized transport, which, in a livable city, can no longer have a dominant position. Planning of mobility does not mean one-sided consideration of car and road only - what is needed is an integral approach, giving the appropriate space to all traffic participants, keeping in mind a healthy and vivid city life. This proposal, by taking the Auroville Master Plan as its starting point, envisages the street as a common space for all, but excludes fast moving vehicular traffic by shifting it to the periphery. An efficient and attractive public transport system is an important precondition.
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Pre-Study on
and related topics
Prepared by Cristo, consultant to the Auroville Development Council
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Construction of roads as ground for testing various types of pavements
Soil testing
Cost of construction materials
Types of pavement
Bills of quantity

  a) traffic
  b) Vehicle
  c) Mode of Transport
  d) Traffic coming from outside
Circulation plan
Auroville Road Service

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By Cristo, Consultant to the Auroville Development Council

Treatment & Disposal of Sludge

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In the report addressed to the Auroville Development Council in April 2001, titled "A report on survey of sanitary installations & wastewater treatment systems in Auroville - Phase I" one reads page 57 "The survey of sanitary installations/wastewater treatment systems in Auroville will attempt in its second phase to study how much sludge is likely to be produced by the existing installations/systems studied."

This report since its release has had some impact on the overall situation regarding wastewater treatment in Auroville. It has seen the creation of a Wastewater Management Group. It has brought together people who otherwise worked in isolation on similar subjects and helped resolving some of the main problems plaguing a number of existing large treatment systems. The Auroville Development Council (DC) has since adopted a policy that makes it mandatory for new building applicants to declare precisely how they intend to treat their wastewaters. Further, the Engineering Division of the DC advises architects, builders and project-holders on wastewater treatment technologies appropriate to newly developing projects. Among other meaningful developments, a better coordination between Auroville Water Service (AVWS) and DC is taking place that augurs well for the future.

While working on the above-mentioned report, we faced the question of how to dispose of sludge produced in all those treatment units and how to deal in the future with this problem. A preliminary study was made in 2001, which is attached here as Annexure 1. That study titled "Sludge disposal & Management in Auroville - 2001" contains detailed material that forms the base of the work presented here. It is therefore an essential component of the present report. In that study the experts consulted came to the conclusion that at present stage of Auroville's development we should examine the possibility to treat sludge using either constructed wetland or drying beds technology.

  The present report deals with the completion of the database of all existing installations and systems in Auroville and mainly concentrates on examining the solutions proposed by the experts for the hygienic disposal and conversion of sludge into a safe product. This examination bases itself on a predicted Auroville population of 5,000 residents on the horizon 2007.

The Database attached to the present report is based on a survey of all sanitary installations and treatment systems in Auroville (See Annexure 2). The survey allowed us to know precisely the number of such installations and their nature. It had been expected that the survey also would give clear indications as to quantities of sludge produced while measuring the size of all installations. This hope has been dashed, as numerous tanks are not accessible and often completely buried. Further, most of those surveyed did not know the exact size and depth of the tanks.

Most residents received the survey team in a courteous manner with open mind and showing interest if not appreciation for the undertaking. This is encouraging for the future as part of the proposed action plan presented at the end of this study relays on people's goodwill and participation.
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