Master Plan Home APPENDIX Back to Auroville C.U.R.

APPENDIX 1: Members of Governing Board and International
Advisory Council of Auroville Foundation
APPENDIX 2: Role & Responsibilities of Different Working
Groups in Auroville
APPENDIX 3: Auroville Foundation
APPENDIX 4: Securing Land for Orderly & Planned Development
APPENDIX 5: Organisational Structure for Master Plan
APPENDIX 6: Parameters for Project Cost Estimation





Members of Governing Board and International Advisory Council of Auroville Foundation


Governing Board

1. Dr. Kireet Joshi
Noted Educationist, former Special Secretary (Education) to the Government of India.
2. Dr. D.P Chattopadhyaya Renowned scholar, former Governor of Rajasthan, former Union Minister
3. Dr. L.M.Singhvi Member of Parliament, noted Jurist, former High Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom
4. Dr. Subhash C. Kashyap Former Secretary General of Lok Sabha.
5. Mr. Roger Anger Chief Architect of Auroville and member of Club of Budapest
6. Mr. Dibyasingh Deb Maharaja of Puri
7. Mrs. Jyoti Madhok Long-time associate of Auroville
8. Mr. D.P. Singh, IAS (Ex-officio), Director (UNESCO Unit), Ministry of Human Resource Development
9. Mr. Sanjay Narayen, IAS (Ex-officio), Joint Secretary & Financial Advisor to Ministry of Human Resource Development

International Advisory Council

1. Dr. Kireet Joshi Chairman
2. Prof. Norman Myers Noted Environmental Economist
3. Dr. A.T. Ariyaratne Chairman, Sarvodaya Shramdan Movement of Sri Lanka, noted social worker.
4. Dr. Mary E. King Noted educationist and writer
Mr. N. Bala Baskar, I.A.S. Secretary, Auroville Foundation


Role & Responsibilities of
Different Working Groups in Auroville


Development Council


A broad-based co-ordination and planning group, the Development Council was established to ensure that the development of Auroville is in accordance with the ideals set forth by the Mother. To facilitate this, the Group:

Defines collective priorities for development.
Defines and select surveys required and projects for study. ·
Implements the Master Plan approved by the Residents Assembly.
Monitors current and future Auroville Development Scheme grants, and allocates unspecified funds for development.
Develops the strategy and sets priorities for purchase, sale and lease of land.
Assesses and gives approval for all building applications on Auroville land.
Economy Group

The Economy Group monitors Auroville's internal economy and acts as a liaison body between the community and its commercial units. Particular attention is given to the Central Fund and its disbursements each month. In specific terms, the Group grants loans; keeps close contact with the Auroville services, the Auroville Board of Commerce, the productive units and collective budget holders; raises funds for the overall maintenance needs of the community; and studies the AV economy to find ways of moving it towards a true collective economy.


Entry Group


The Entry Group processes all applications to join Auroville, oversees the entry procedures, and decides on the use of the Repatriation Fund.


Executive Council


The Executive Council deals with matters affecting the internal functioning of the community. This mostly entails:

Policy co-ordination
Facilitating communication by way of seminars, meetings and referendums.
Acting as clearinghouse for problems arising within the community.
Funds and Assets Management Committee (FAMC)

The FAMC is one of the official committees of the Auroville Foundation, specifically required to advise the Governing Board on the following:

The utilisation of the funds and management of assets.
Taxes and audits.
The sale, acquisition and utilisation of immovable assets.

The FAMC consists of representatives of the following working groups: ABC core group, AV Fund, AV Maintenance Fund, CSR, Development Group, Economy Group, Entry Group, Executive Committee, Farms & Forest Groups, Financial Service, Housing Service, Land and Estate Management, Matrimandir, SAIIER administration and the Working Committee. As members of the Governing Board residing in Auroville, the Secretary and the Finance Officer are also members.


Land and Estate Management (LEM)


Auroville's land management office, is located at Bharat Nivas. LEM is the centralised facility where maps and records can be consulted, land purchases and allocation discussed etc. Essentially, LEM has 3 main functions:

Management of all Auroville lands and fields not looked after by or forming part of an AV community.
Land surveys (where the boundary between AV and private land is not clear), administration, maintenance of records, payment of land taxes, liaison with local authorities on land matters, and court cases where land ownership is disputed.
Negotiation and registration of new land purchases.
Project Co-ordination Group

Co-ordinates all grant proposals for AV Projects to ensure maximum effectiveness and non-duplication of approach to potential donors. In support of this, a project consultancy-cum-writing service called "Abundance" is provided.

The Group is Auroville's officially recognised channel to Auroville International Centres, the Foundation for World Education and Stichting de Zaaier on all fund raising matters, and is the only body authorised to endorse proposals for fund raising outside Auroville.


Working Committee


An official Auroville working group specifically responsible, under the Auroville Foundation Act, for assisting the Residents Assembly and liaisoning with the Governing Board of the Auroville Foundation and the outside. The Committee deals with many of the major issues that arise affecting Auroville vis-a-vis the outside world, while Auroville internal matters are mostly looked after by the Executive Council. Members usually hold office for a period of 2 years, but many serve longer.


Auroville Village Action Group


AVAG works in 35 local villages, directly benefitting 2,000 people and indirectly 30,000+ through its team of 20 development workers. The main aim of AVAG is to make the local people aware of their social, cultural and environmental conditions while bringing general benefit to them. Areas of specific action, involvement and / or achievement include:


Supporting Isaiambalam Research School, Kindergarten and Crèche; a Life Education Centre in Kottakarai offering education and vocational training for young school-drop-out girls; and Night Schools in 23 villages plus crèches in schools by introducing innovative and participatory educational methods.

Supporting 29 women's groups that meet regularly, initiate and implement community projects, operate savings clubs, and support each other in crisis.

Promoting environmental awareness, health awareness and community hygiene in collaboration with the Auroville Health Centre and other Auroville groups.

Giving small grants for community service initiatives on a cost-sharing basis with village groups.

Farm Group

The Farm Group meets regularly to coordinate Auroville's farming activities and share information with a view to increasing Auroville's self-sufficiency in food production. Along with the Forest Group (see separate note) the Group is represented on the Green Group, and also sends representatives to other policy-making meetings in Auroville.


Financial Service/Auroville Maintenance Fund


The maintenance Fund, which incorporates the Central Fund (see separate Note), is Auroville's major fund concerned with internally generated and circulating money, as opposed to contributions from outside, which are handled by Auroville Fund.

The administrative aim is to collect monthly maintenance contributions for Aurovilians from Auroville units, individual contributions and guest contributions, and handle the distribution, mainly through the Central Fund. The Fund is computerized and linked with Pour Tous, so can arrange payment for gas bottles, food, purchases from commercial unit, and water service, electricity, telephone, milk and bakery bills.

The Financial Service/AMS can also exchange foreign currency, travellers cheques and personal cheques.


Forest Group


A group actively involved in the planting and maintenance of Auroville's forested areas, particularly the protective Green Belt around the township.

Green Group

The Green Group, consisting of representatives from the Farm Group and Forest Group, reviews issues pertaining to the development of the Green Belt, and advises on them according to environment protection principles while trying to facilitate the overall growth of Auroville. Though the primary concern at present is watershed management and reforestation, integrated farming practices are also a priority. The Group interacts with the Development Council as required.



Auroville Foundation - Consolidated Income & Expenditure For the Year Ended 31.09.1999

Research / Service Units
1997- 98 Expenditure 1989- 99 1997- 98 Income
1998- 99
To Auromitra
By Auroville services
Auroville Fund     Auroville Fund
Center for Scientific Research
Sri Aurobindo International Institute of Educational Research
By Excess of Expenditure over Income
Sri Aurobindo International Institute of Educational Research (GOI)
  Excess of Income over Expenditure

Commercial Units

1997- 98 Expenditure
1989 - 99
1997- 98
1998 - 99
To Auroville Export Trust
To Auroville Export Trust
To Aurore Trust
Aravinda Trust
Aurosarjan Trust
Altecs Trust
d' AV 1993 Trust
Ankur Trust
To ABC Trust
Artisana Trust
ADPS Trust
Auromics Trust
Center for Scientific Research
Auromode Trust
Filaure Trust
d' AV 1993 Trust
New Engineering Trust
Filaure Trust
Kalki Trust
To Net Profit
Toujours Mieux Trust


Securing Land for Orderly & Planned Development


The designated Auroville Township area covers 19.63 sq. km, i.e. 1963 ha. as on 1st August 2000 Auroville has under its ownership 778 ha. of land in the designated township area, while about 980 ha. still have to be secured for Auroville's proper and complete development into a township for 50,000 people. All the lands so far have been acquired by negotiated purchase from land owners.
All over India, the acquisition of land for development purposes by compulsory acquisition under the Land Acquisition Act has become more and more difficult. Acquiring land by negotiation is also becoming increasingly difficult and expensive because of speculative tendencies, particularly by real estate developers. In the case of Auroville, the situation is much more critical. The development of Auroville has transformed a barren inhabitable plain into a verdant area. This has attracted speculative developers from the neighbouring urban areas.
One of the principal objectives of the Auroville Master Plan (Perspective: 2025) is to ensure that planned developments are not overtaken by haphazard and deleterious development by speculators for personal gain. It will be observed from zoning regulations that farming and research for increasing productivity in the agricultural and farm sectors (especially to apply to other parts of the State) will be one of the main uses of lands that surround the inner part of the Auroville Township. In the context of the above situation, it is proposed to employ different options for securing the land for the development of Auroville as planned.


1.      Land Exchange

Auroville has presently under its ownership extents of land outside the 20 square kilometres area. Some of these lands could be offered in exchange for unutilised lands that are needed to establish research and field stations for agricultural and farm development in the Green Belt.


2.      Land for employment

There are several pockets of land owned by villagers, which are not of a viable size for supporting economic production. Further, a large number of persons have a right on the land, which makes it difficult to put it to useful purposes. In such cases, Auroville could offer employment in farming, forestry and other Auroville activities, including vocational training, in return for the land that will be offered at a negotiable price.


3.      Leasing of land

As an alternative to (2), Auroville proposes to make lease agreements with landowners. These agreements would stipulate that Auroville has the first option of purchase against payment of a yearly amount to the landowner. The agreement would also stipulate restrictions on land use and prevent sale to third parties.


4.      Land pooling and sharing for joint development

Auroville proposes this approach as a method that will benefit both the landowner and Auroville. Auroville will use its resources and expertise to generate crops and other produce on the land, which will generate much higher returns after setting apart amounts for the inputs of Auroville resources. The villager will continue to own and work on the land.


5.      Purchase of land

Auroville's policy has always been to secure the land by voluntary sale via negotiation with the landowners, with no compulsion or coercion, keeping in mind their needs and long term welfare. This method will continue to be pursued for lands to be acquired for Auroville's development.


6.      Acquisition under the Land Acquisition Act

The Auroville Foundation is a statutory body, created by an Act of Parliament to further the development of Auroville in accordance with its original Charter, given by The Mother. Therefore, any acquisition of land towards the development of Auroville would come under the definition of public purpose under the Land Acquisition Act.
There are certain important developments, such as road widening and construction of utility structures, which cannot be normally secured by the options mentioned above. Auroville proposes to approach the Tamil Nadu State Government in order to obtain such lands through the Land Acquisition Act. Another instance is where real estate developers propose to dispossess the landowner of his land for his own monetary benefits. In such cases also, Auroville will propose acquisition of these lands, unless one of the above mentioned options can be used.


7.      Zoning Regulations

Most of the options listed above will take time and effort. There are bound to be instances where a single unplanned development may jeopardise not only future developments, but even those that have been carried out earlier. Hence, it becomes imperative that all the lands that are required for the development of Auroville are covered in such a way that no person would contravene the zoning regulations made in the Master Plan. For this purpose, necessary mechanisms have to be approved by the Government of India along with the State Government. Such mechanisms would provide a most important and decisive tool for safeguarding the lands needed for Auroville's development from speculative, damaging and environmentally unsound development.


8.      Conclusion

It is envisaged to secure an annual average of 100 hectares per year over the next 10 years by employing these various mechanisms.



Organisational Structure for Master Plan




Parameters for Project Cost Estimation

1. First Phase 1st Stage (2000-2006)
Additional 5000 population
2. Land Cost 1st Stage
Rs. 8 lakh/ha.
3. Land Cost 2 nd Stage
Rs. 10 lakh/ha.
4. Construction Cost:
Rs. 8000/
Rs. 8000/
Rs. 10000/
  International / Cultural
Rs. 15000/
5. Off-side infrastructure
(Including roads, power, water, sewage, communication)
Rs. 6 lakh/ha.
6. Land development in zones
About 10% of zone area for 1st Stage
7. Residential space
8. Social infrastructure in Residential zone per 1000 sqm of built up area
25 sqm
9. Biomass energy generation for 1/2 Megawatt (assuming 6000 hours of operation)
Rs. 2 crores
10. Security lighting for 25 km of road, at 10 per km and Rs. 30,000 per unit.
11. Township Access Road
Rs. 10 lakh/km