Master Plan Home APPENDIX Back to Auroville C.U.R.
 

2.10     PHASING AND RESOURCE
             MOBILISATION

 

     
 

2.10.1   The Master Plan (Perspective: 2025) has been conceived for a total population of 50,000, and takes into account a population of 15.000 by the year 2010. The Five Year Development Plan (2001-2006) proposals are given in Table 22 along with the Five Year programme for overall city development and special projects.

 

 

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Table 22 : Development Plan Five Year Programme 2001-2006

A. RESIDENTIAL ZONE

Project Estimated Cost
(Rs in Crores)

I. Ongoing / projects in the pipeline:
1. RÍve - 42 apartments
2. Creativity - 50 apartments
3. Line of Force Progress - 3 apartments
4. Other Residential & related facilities

Sub-Total
3.41
II. Proposals
1. Land for immediate development (10 ha.)
0.80
2. Residential units for 4000 persons in an area of 120,000 sqm
96.00
3. Social infrastructure (3000 sqm)
2.40
4. Crown development (3000 sqm)
3.00
5. Off-site infrastructure (16 ha.)
0.96
6. Land required for 2nd stage of development (6 ha.)
0.60

Sub-Total
103.76

Total (Residential Zone) 107.17



B. INDUSTRIAL ZONE

Project Estimated Cost
(Rs in Crores)

I. Ongoing / projects in the pipeline:
1. Incense, food processing and soya units
0.76
2. Town Hall
0.50
Sub-Total
1.26

II. Proposals
1. Land for immediate development (10 ha.)
0.80
2. Industrial space (15,000 sqm)
12.00
3. Town Hall
4.50
4. Residential units (500 - 15,000 sqm)
12.00
5. Social & workers welfare infrastructure (2000 sqm)
0.16
6. Off-site infrastructure (8 ha.)
0.48
7. Crown development (4000 sqm)
4.00
8. Land acquisition for 2nd Stage (7 ha.)
0.70

Sub-Total
34.64

Total (Industrial Zone) 35.90



C. INTERNATIONAL ZONE

Project Estimated Cost
(Rs in Crores)

I. Ongoing / projects in the pipeline:
1. Bharat Nivas
0.35
2. Tibetan Pavilion
0.80
3. Unity Pavilion
0.24
4. Visitors Centre extension
0.20
5. Guest House
0.15
6. Savitri Bhavan extension
2.90
Sub-Total
4.64
II. Proposals
I. Land for immediate development (10 ha.)
0.80
2. National Pavilions:
    American, Russian, African and
    Tamil Cultural Centre (5000 sqm)
7.50
3. Centre for International Research on Human Unity
9.00
    (CIRHU) (6000 sqm)
4. Crown development (12000 sqm)
    200 units residential (6000 sqm)
4.80
    + guest houses, visitors (6000 sqm)
6.00
5. Off-site infrastructure (7 ha.)
0.42
6. Land for 2nd Stage (6 ha.)
0.60

Sub-Total
29.12

Total (International Zone) 33.76



D. CULTURAL ZONE

Project Estimated Cost
(Rs in Crores)

I. Ongoing / projects in the pipeline:

1. High school
1.30
2. Sports complex, Evening school, Arts workshop     
    and glass training centre
0.90
Sub-Total
2.20
II. Proposals
1. Land required for immediate development (10 ha.)
0.80
2. Cultural & Educational complex (20,000 sqm)
20.00
3. Crown development (300 units = 9000 sqm)
7.20
4. Residential + 6000 sqm for social infrastructure
6.00
5. Off-site infrastructure (10 ha.)
0.60
6. Land for 2nd Stage (5 ha.)
0.50

Sub-Total
35.10

Total (Cultural Zone) 37.30



E. GREEN BELT

Project Estimated Cost
(Rs in Crores)

I. Ongoing / projects in the pipeline:

1. Restoration of TDEF
    - Botanical Garden, Check dams, Afforestation,
    Seed Bank, Farming, Organic Agriculture
3.50
Sub-Total
3.50
II. Proposals
1. Applied research projects in aspects of
    urban & rural sustainable development,
    including farming and forestry
10.00
2. Village development & environment improvement
3.00
3. Service nodes - 1 primary & 2 secondary nodes
2.00
4. Development of city level recreational facilities
3.00
5. Cremation and burial site
1.00
6. Pathways & cycle tracks with culverts (12 km.)
.012
7. Land acquisition (400 ha.)
40.00

Sub-Total
59.12

Total (Green Belt) 62.62



F. CITY DEVELOPMENT & SPECIAL PROJECTS

Project Estimated Cost
(Rs in Crores)


1. Main access road
    Township access road (9 km.)
0.90
    Land for widening by 20 m = 18 ha.
1.44
2. Crown & outer ring (16 km) 1.60
    Security lighting
0.75
3. Transport vehicles 10 nos (non polluting)
1.50
4. Centre for Innovative Urban Planning
2.50
5. Archaeological projects
1.00
6. Environmental laboratory
1.00
7. Documentation, information dissemination and
3.50
    city networking
8. Biomass energy generation
12.00
    (6 units of 1/2 Mw = 3 Mw)
9. Solar application for pumping, etc.
2.00
10. Renovation of Irumbai Temple including landscaping
0.25
      lighting & renovation of tank, as a religious and
      cultural resource for surrounding villages

Total (City Development & Special Projects)
28.44


Grand Total
341.19

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Green Belt

                     

 

 

2.10.2     In the Development Plan proposals for 2001-2006, Auroville proposes to invest Rs. 350 crores on infrastructure development, which will be funded from the sources given in Table 23, to accommodate the population growth.


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Table 23 : Funding Sources for Development Plan (2001-2006)

Source Amount (Rs. in crores)

Auroville commercial units
50.00
Consultancy from AV Research
10.00
Grants for projects
        - India
65.00
        - International
100.00
Private donations from India and abroad
50.00
Contributions from AV residents
75.00

Total Rs. in Crores
350.00
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2.10.3     A summary of the investments for 2001-2006 in residential, international, industrial and cultural zones is given in Table 24.

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Table 24 :
Summary of Investments 2000 - 2006

(Rs. In Crores)
Zones
Total
Res.
Indus.
Admin,
Pavilions
& culture
Crown &
Socia
lInfras.
Physica
lInfrast.
Land
Sustainable
develop.
& village
develop.
Other
Residential
107.17
99.41
---
---
5.40
0.96
1.40
---
---
Industrial
35.90
12.00
12.76
5.00
4.16
0.48
1.50
---
---
International
33.76
4.80
---
21.14
6.00
0.42
1.40
---
---
Cultural
37.30
6.00
---
22.20
7.20
0.60
1.30
---
---
Green Belt
62.62
---
---
---
---
3.12
40.00
19.50
---
Overall city
28.44
---
---
2.50
---
20.19
---
---
5.75

Total
305.19
122.21
12.76
50.84
22.76
25.77
45.60
19.50
5.75

Note : Parameters for Project Cost Estimates are given in Appendix VI
 

 

2.10.4     Auroville activities are financed by donations and financial inputs from residents, through income generated by Auroville-run business units, and grants and donations from national and international agencies. Auroville, being an institution that has been established through an Act of Parliament, also obtains financial support from the Government of India.


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2.10.5     The sources of funding for the Auroville activities are:

 
 


Trusts under the Auroville Foundation:
At present, there are over a hundred large and small commercial units grouped in 15 trusts under the Auroville Foundation. During the financial year 1999-2000 alone, 20 small-scale units were added. Over the past 10 years, commercial units have contributed finances in the order of Rs.10 crores towards Auroville's maintenance and development.

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Centre for Scientific Research (CSR):
The CSR is a research institution set up in 1984 to focus on research and development in the field of renewable energy, wastewater recycling and sanitation, and appropriate building technology. Its activities include R&D projects, transfer of technology via training programmes and workshops, promotion of renewable energy systems, dissemination of information via seminars, workshops and publications, production of ferrocement building components and biogas plants, architectural design, consultancy and construction projects. It receives funds from national and international agencies, which are also channelled into Auroville's development.

 
 


Government of India:
The Government of India's support for Auroville activities in the last 10 years has been in the order of Rs. 8 crores.

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Grants and Donations:
International grants and donations, both from India and abroad, are channelled through Auroville Fund. Similarly, the Sri Aurobindo International Institute of Educational Research (SAIIER) receives Indian and international funds for its cultural and educational activities. Auromitra Trust receives funds for environmental, social, technological and research programmes in the field of soil and water conservation, afforestation and farming.

 
 

 

2.10.6     During the past 10 years (1990-2000) Auroville has mobilised about Rs. 60 crores, the break-up of which is given in Table 25.

 
 

 

Table 25 : Source of Funding 1990 - 2000

Source Amount (Rs. in crores)

Auroville commercial units
10
Government of India
8
Sources from India
19
 International sources
23

Total
60
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2.10.7     These funds have helped to finance and create assets which include a variety of infrastructure assets in the sector of road building, water and sanitation, power (including from alternate sources such as solar, wind and biomass), telecommunication, and housing for Auroville residents. It is established that the total value of assets created over the last 30 years is in the order of Rs.500 crores.

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2.10.8     Mobilisation of Resources for Development: Even with limited resources, Auroville has undertaken innovative projects in human settlement building, which integrates environmental regeneration with urban development, on the national and international scene. This has generated interest from agencies, which are funding such sustainable development programmes, to support the further development of Auroville. A recent instance is the financial assistance from the European Union under its Asia Urbs programme towards the construction of a Centre for Innovative Urban Management, which has also put in place an effective municipal structure for Auroville's future development.

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2.10.9     Auroville's work in the various sectors of innovative and appropriate technology, both in rural and urban areas, has been recognised by both the State Government of Tamil Nadu and the Central Government, which have provided grants via various ministries. Also, the expertise accumulated over the past 30 years is attracting consultancy assignments from both non-government and public agencies from within India.

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2.10.10     The organisational structure that is expected to be created shortly will explore other resource/avenues for funding and working out the projects in greater detail to meet the requirements of funding agencies. However, as Auroville is a unique experiment quite different from other towns, it cannot obtain resources from traditional sources such as loans and bonds for all its development. Auroville's commercial units have been increasingly contributing to its development, but they would not be able to fund all of the anticipated developments. In the first phase, Auroville will continue to depend upon project funds and contributions from its present and future residents.

 


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